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재팬 타임스 신문기사 보고

 
  • 발신자주일공사
  • 수신자외무부장관
  • 날짜1960년 10월 24일
  • 문서종류공한
  • 문서번호T M-10173
  • 형태사항한국어,영어 
재팬타임스 신문기사 보고
번 호 : TM-10173

일 시 : 241300

수신인 : 외무부장관 귀하 (사본 : 방교국장)
10월 24일자 JAPAN TIMES 〔판독 난〕아래와 같은 기사를 계재하고 있아옵기 보고하나이다.
JAPAN, ROK TO RESUME TALKS FOR NORMALIZATION
BY MINORU SHIMIZU
JAPAN AND THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA TOMORROW WILL RESUME NEGOTIATIONS FOR NORMALIZING RELATIONS IN TOKYO AFTER AN INTERVAL OF SIX MONTHS. THE REOPENING OF THE TALKS WAS AGREED ON BETWEEN THE TWO COUNTRIES WHEN FOREIGN MINISTER ZENTARO KOSAKA VISITED SEOUL IN SEPTEMBER. IT IS CERTAIN THAT THE FORTHCOMING TALKS WILL BE HELD IN A CORDIAL ATMOSPHERE UNLIKE THOSE HELD IN THE PAST EIGHT YEARS. HOWEVER, LOOKING OVER THE RESULTS OF PREVIOUS NEGOTIATIONS, THERE SEEM TO BE VERY LITTLE POSSIBILITY THAT THE TALKS WHICH WERE FRAUGHT WITH EXTREME DIFFICULTIES, WILL REACH PROMPT SETTLEMENT. THE JAPANESE NEGOTIATORS EXPECT ROUGH SLEDDING IN NEGOTIATIONS ON THE RHEE LINE, PROPERTY CLAIMS AND OTHER ISSUES AS IN THE PAST TALKS. THE FIFTH "PRELIMINARY" TALKS TO OPEN TOMORROW WILL BE REGARDED AS HAVING VIRTUALLY THE SAME STATUS AS FULL NEGOTIATIONS. FOR THIS REASON, THE DELEGATIONS OF THE TWO NATIONS WILL COMPRISE PERSONS OF HIGH RANK. THE JAPANESE DELEGATION WILL BE HEADED BY FOREIGN OFFICE ADVISER RENZO SAWADA, WHO WAS THE CHIEF NEGOTIATOR IN THE PREVIOUS TALKS, AND THE ROK DELEGATION BY YU CHIN O, PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF KOREA. THE FOUR COMMITTEES WILL BE ORGANIZED AS IN THE PREVIOUS TALKS. THESE WILL BE THE COMMITTEE ON BASIC RELATIONS, COMMITTEE ON KOREAN CLAIMS, COMMITTEE ON FISHERIES AND "PEACE LINE", AND COMMITTEE ON LEGAL STATUS OF KOREAN RESIDENTS IN JAPAN. IT WAS AGREED BETWEEN THE CHIEF NEGOTIATORS OF THE TWO COUNTRIES THAT THE COMMITTEE ON BASIC RELATIONS WILL NOT START BEBATES IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING THE OPENING OF THE TALKS, BUT THAT IT WILL OPEN ITS MEETINGS AFTER DEBATES BY THE THREE OTHER COMMITTEES HAVE MADE CONSIDERABLE PROGRESS. THE PRELIMINARY TALKS WILL BE CONTINUED UNTIL THE YEAR-END AND WILL THEN BE SWITCHED TO FULL-SCALE TALKS AT THE TURN OF THE YEAR. THE FOCAL POINT OF THE PRELIMINARY TALKS FOR JAPAN WILL BE EARLY SETTLEMENT OF THE RHEE LINE ISSUE AND FOR THE ROK IT WILL BE THE SETTLEMENT OF THE CLAIMS PROBLEM. FROM THE JAPANESE STANDPOINT, THE RHEE LINE ISSUE WAS THE REASON THE JAPAN-ROK TALKS HAVE NOT PROCEEDED SMOOTHLY. JAPAN HAS BEEN DEMANDING THE ABOLITION OF THE LINE BY PRINCIPLE OF THE FREEDOM OF THE HIGH SEAS. THE ROK SIDE, ON THE OTHER HAND, HAS BEEN REJECTING THE JAPANESE DEMAND ON THE GROUNDS OF CONSERVATION OF RESOURCES AND THE DANGER OF INTRUSION BY COMMUNIST SPIES. WITH A VIEW TO EASING THE TRANSION RESULTING FROM THE ANTAGONISM ON THE VITAL PROBLEM, JAPAN PRESENTED THE OUTLINE OF A PROVISIONAL FISHERY AGREEMENT IN THE FOURTH TALKS IN 1958. HOWEVER, THE ROK REJECTED IT. THE NEW ROK GOVERNMENT, ORGANIZED FOLLOWING THE RETIREMENT OF SYNGMAN RHEE, HAS SHOWN THE ATTITUDE THAT THERE IS STILL ROOM LEFT FOR NEGOTIATING THE RHEE LINE PROBLEM. THEREFORE, IT IS LIKELY THAT THE ROK DELEGATION MAY PRESENT SOME KIND OF PROPOSAL ON THE FISHERY AGREEMENT.
WHILE EXPECTING THAT THE KOREAN DELEGATION WOULD MAKE SOME PROPOSAL AT THE CONFERENCE, JAPAN ALSO PLANS TO SUBMIT A PROVISIONAL PROPOSAL TO THE MEET AS WAS DONE AT THE FOURTH CONFERENCE. THE OTHER PROBLEMS INCLUDE THE QUESTION OF JAPANESE BONDS, DEBENTURES, AND BANK OF JAPAN NOTES, ETC. WHICH CURRENTLY ARE HELD BY SOUTH KOREA, AND THE ISSUE OF THE KOREAN DEMAND FOR ITS PROPERTIES VESSELS AND CULTURAL PROPERTIES IN JAPAN. THE KOREAN DEMAND HAS HITHERTO BEEN IMMENSE AND THE TWO NATIONS COULD FIND NO ROOM FOR ANY SOLUTION. THE KOREANS ARE EXPECTED TO PRESS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF TALKS ON THIS QUESTION AT THE FORTHCOMING NEGOTIATION, IN WHICH THEY LIKE TO SEE JAPAN SHOW ITS "FAITH" ON THE ISSUE AS PROOF THAT THIS COUNTRY TRULY WANTS THE NORMALIZATION OF ***. IT IS GENERALLY EXPECTED THAT THE TWO NATIONS WOULD REACH THEIR FIRST AGREEMENT UPON THE QUESTION OF THE LEGAL STATUS OF KOREAN RESIDENTS IN JAPAN, ON WHICH ISSUE THE TWO NATIONS HAVE ALREADY ACHIEVED AGREEMENT. IT HAS ALREADY BEEN ****, FOR INSTANCE, THAT JAPAN WILL GIVE SPECIAL TREATMENT TO KOREAN RESIDENTS IN THIS COUNTRY IN VIEW OF THE PECULIAR BACKGROUND EXISTING BETWEEN THE TWO NATIONS. THE TREATMENT WOULD BE A SEPARATE ONE FROM JAPAN'S GENERAL TREATMENT OF FOREIGN RESIDENTS HERE. ANOTHER PROBLEM REMAINING ON THIS ISSUE IS THE JAPAN'S AGREEMENT WITH NORTH KOREA FOR THE REPATRIATION OF KOREANS IN JAPAN TO THAT COUNTRY. PERHAPS MORE DIFFICULT TO SOLVE THAN THE PROBLEMS CITED ABOVE IS THE ISSUE OF WHICH OF THE TWO PARTS OF KOREA, NORTH OR SOUTH, POLITICALLY REPRESENTS THAT COUNTRY. THE SOUTH KOREANS SAY THE DESPITE THE FACT THAT THE COUNTRY IS CURRENTLY SPLIT, IT IS THE SEOUL GOVERNMENT THAT TRULY REPRESENTS KOREA. THEY DEMAND THAT JAPAN RECOGNIZE THIS STAND. THE ISSUE, HOWEVER, IS LARGE AND INVOLVES TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE INTERNATIONAL SITUATION AND A VERY SOUND POLITICAL JUDGMENT MUST BE MADE BY JAPAN ON THIS PROBLEM. IT WOULD BE IMPOSSIBLE FOR THIS COUNTRY TO MAKE ANY DECISION ON THE ISSUE BY ITSELF. IT IS BECAUSE OF THE DIFFICULTY OF THE PROBLEM THAT THE TWO NATIONS HAVE AGREED TO OPEN THE BASIC RELATIONS COMMITTEE AT T LATER STAGE. HOWEVER, EVEN IF THE DEBATE ON THE ISSUE IS PUT OFF FOR A WHILE, THE VAGUE INFLUENCE OF THE PROBLEM IS DOOMED TO AFFECT THE PROGRESS OF THE DISCUSSIONS AT OTHER THREE COMMITTEE MEETINGS. TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE INFLUENCE OF THE NORTH KOREAN REGIME, THE FUTURE OF THE FORTHCOMING CONFERENCE ALLOWS NO OPTIMISM. IF THE TWO NATIONS MAINTAIN A JOINT EFFORT TO TIDE OVER THESE PROBLEMS, THE FALL OF THE RHEE REGIME, WHICH SPEARHEADED THE SOUTH KOREAN ANTIPATHY AGAINST JAPAN, AND THE SUBSEQUENT BIRTH OF THE NEW SEOUL GOVERNMENT AFTER A VIRTUAL "REVOLUTION," WOULD GIVE GREAT IMPETUS FOR THE PROGRESS OF TALKS BETWEEN THE TWO NATIONS. THE FORTHCOMING CONFERENCE PROMISES TO BE EPOCHAL FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF JAPAN-SOUTH KOREA TIES, IF THE TWO NATIONS SEND THEIR DELEGATION UPON THE PREMISE THAT THEY ARE MEMBERS OF THE SAME FREE CAMP, AND BY ASSUMING THE SPIRIT OF MUTUAL CONCESSION.

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수신시간 : OCT 24 PM 4 46

 

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