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  • 발신자H.S. Parkes
  • 수신자G.L.G. Granville
  • 발송일1882년 4월 21일(음)
  • 수신일1882년 5월 29일(음)
  • 출전FO 46/285.
Confidential
No. 57 Tokio, April 21 1882

My Lord,

Mr. Kennedy in his Despatch No. 8 of the 18th of January of this year reported that the negotiations between the Korean Envoy and this Government respecting the Tariff proposed by the Korean Government had fallen through and that further discussion was deferred until Mr. Hanabusa, the Japanese chargé d’ affaires in Korea could return to his post.
Mr. Hanabusa had been absent from his post for a year and the Japanese Government appeared indifferent as to the time of his return until it became known that Commodore Schufeldt was about to process there. They are now apprehensive that the American negotiator will be willing to concede to the Koreans a similar Tariff to that which the Japanese Government have reject and this is not improbable as that Tariff is almost a counterpart of the one attached to the American Treaty with Japan of 1858.
I learn from Mr. Hanabusa that the Japanese Government offered to negotiate a Tariff with Korea on the basis of 5 per cent, but that this offer has been declined by the Koreans, who at first refused to accept a lower basis than 20 per cent which was the principal rate of the Tariff of the American Treaty above-mentioned. Mr. Hanabusa thinks that Korean Government have now been advised by the Grand Secretary Li Hung Chang to agree to a 10 per cent basis, but the Japanese Government consider that this rate would be too high for a trade which is still in its infancy while 20 per cent would ruin it entirely.
As the United States Government cannot expect to participate largely in any trade which may spring up between Korea and the Western World the Japanese Government conclude that they will make little effort to promote the commercial interests of other nations and will not be disposed to allow considerations of that nature to interfere with their opportunity of making the first treaty with Korea. But, as Mr. Hanabusa observed, if they concede a high Tariff to the Koreans it will be very difficult for Japan or for any Foreign Power to effect an abatement of such a concession, and the argument that high duties are destructive of trade would have little influence on the Korean mind. The example is also likely to have a prejudicial influence on those other Oriental Powers who have hitherto agreed to low Tariffs, and Japan, as Your Lordship is aware, is now demanding a considerable increase in the rates of her Tariff, although she objects to the imposition of similar duties on her trade with Korea.

I have the honor to be with the highest respect,
My Lord,
Your Lordship’s most obedient, humble servant,
Harry S. Parkes

 
이름
Hanabusa , Hanabusa , Schufeldt , Hanabusa , Hanabusa , Li Hung Chang , Hanabusa , Harry S. Parkes
지명
Tokio
사건
the American Treaty with Japan of 1858

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