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청국의 중개를 통한 교섭 추진 보고

제1차 조약 체결 과정

 
  • 발신자T.F. Wade
  • 수신자G.L.G. Granville
  • 발송일1881년 2월 9일(음)
  • 수신일1881년 2월 23일(음)
  • 출전FO 881/4595; AADM pp. 81-2.
Sir T. Wade to Earl Granville.―(Received February 23)

(No. 10 Very Confidential)
Peking, February 9, 1881

(Telegraphic)
YOUR telegram no. 2 regarding Corea arrived 6th instant.
I had anticipated your Lordship’s instructions that day. Chinese Government has been for some time urging that country to open its ports, and is now expecting answer to last letter sent.
Belief is general that Russia will seize some place on that coast, if not more.
It had occurred to me that the attempt of any one Power to establish Treaty relations alone would create jealousy, and most likely precipitate Russian action. I had therefore recommended Chinese Government to persuade those people to request Chinese Government to inform Treaty Powers by Circular that they were ready to open their country and would at once admit Agents to examine country, and frame Report on which Commercial Treaty might be based.
The Yamên approved my proposition very warmly.
The thing should not be talked of, but I am writing confidentially to Admiral to prepare him. If the invitation comes I propose to send Chinese Secretary. More in a few days.

Memorandum by Sir H.S. Parkes.

[Sir T. Wade’s Telegram, Very Confidential, of February 9, 1881]

IF I may do so without presumption, I beg to express entire concurrence in the course taken by Sir Thomas Wade.
I may mention that when I found that the Japanese Government had settled their relations with Corea by their two Treaties of 1876, I recommended them to follow the same course as that which Sir Thomas Wade has now suggested to the Chinese Government, namely, to advise the Corean Government to invite the Western Powers, through the Japanese Government, to enter into relations of friendship and commerce. My recommendations failed in effect, either because the relations of the Japanese with the Coreans were not of a sufficiently cordial nature to permit of their offering such advice, or because the Japanese wished to keep to themselves the advantages of an exclusive trade with Corea.
Later on I had frequent opportunities of conversing with the Chinese Minister at Yedo on the same subject, and I pointed out to him that, in view of the advance of Russia on the Pacific, his Government would greatly consult their own interests, and would at the same time gain credit for liberal opinions, by inducing the Corean Government to open their country to foreign trade. The Chinese Minister warmly concurred in this recommendation, and informed me that he had strongly supported it in letters to Li Hung Chang. The friendly communications of the latter to the ex-Prime Minister of Corea (inclosed in Mr. Kennedy’s despatch No. 131, Very Confidential, of the 27th July, 1880), show that he was influenced by these considerations.
If Russia, however, according to the general belief referred to by Sir Thomas Wade, should seize one or more place in Corea before friendly relations are established between that country and Western Powers, a new position, affecting British interests in The China and Japan seas scarcely less gravely than those of the Coreans, would then be created.

(Signed)  HARRY S. PARKES

 
이름
T. Wade , Granville , H.S. Parkes , Thomas Wade , Thomas Wade , Li Hung Chang , Kennedy , Thomas Wade , HARRY S. PARKES
지명
Peking , Yedo

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