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조선이 난파된 독일 선박 Chusan호를 구조한 사실 보고

 
  • 발신자J. Rodgers
  • 수신자G. M. Robeson
  • 발송일1871년 7월 1일(음)
  • 출전NA I, M89 R256
Isle Boisee Anchorage, July 1, 1871
Coast of Corea

Sir:
 While transmitting to the Department the enclosed statement of Cap’t Julius Schlotke, wrecked in the North German Schooner Chusan on the coast of Corea, with a copy of a report made by Lieut. Rockwell, Commd’g U.S.S. Palos, concerning the picking up at sea by his vessel of the Chusan’s boat, in which the Captain and a part of his crew were making their way toward the China coast, I take the liberty of drawing the attention of the Department to the dangers which must be encountered by navigators passing from the Northern parts of China to Japan or the Russian possessions on the Eastern coast of Asia.
 The distance from Shantung Promontory in China to the place in Corea the “Sir James Hall’s Group of Islands” where the Schooner Chusan is about one hundred and seven (107) miles in a direct line.
 The sea in these vicinities is at times subject to very dense and continued fogs; the soundings are nearly uniform, as that no information as regards the distance that a vessel may be from land is afforded by them: the gales are sometimes of terrific violence, and the currents are strong and somewhat irregular.
 These natural causes alone render navigation perilous, but to these are added the dangers which are encountered by shipwrecked crews cast upon the coast of Corea from the inhospitality of the people of the country.
 For these reasons the nations which have commerce in these seas are interested in pulling down the barriers which Corean exclusiveness persists in keeping up against lawful trade between friendly nations, and in compelling the substitution and observance of human laws for the protection of shipwrecked people and property, in place of those usages which now prevail, as shown in the circumstances of the wreck of the Chusan.
 It may be added that nothing which the Corean Government does not choose to avow, concerning events within its borders and upon its coast, is likely to be known; and if the crew of the Chusan had elected to put themselves in the hands of the Corean Authorities, there is now no sufficient guarantee that they might not have been murdered; while the vessel and her people would have been recorded in Europe amongst those whose fate remains forever shrouded in mystery.
 The Corean King would disavow the possibility of such action: but Christendom is interested in having the means of knowing that such things are not done, and in requiring a better security than the word of a semi-barbarous, irresponsible, and perfidious monarch.

I have the honor to be
Very Respectfully
Your obt. servant
JM Rodgers
Commander in Chief

Honorable Geo M Robeson
Secretary of the Navy
Washington D.C.

 
별지 : Enclosure
 
Statement of Julius Schlotke, Master of the North German Schooner Chusan, last June 4, 1871, on “Sir James Hall’s Group” of Islands on the coast of Corea.

 I, Julius Schlotke, Master of the North German Schooner Chusan, sailed from Chefoo, in the Shantung Province, China, on the 2nd day of June 1871, bound to the Russian settlements in the North East coast of Asia, North of the Corean Boundary.
 The cargo of my vessel was small and was mostly owned by Chinese, several of whom took passage with me in order to conduct their own business.
 On the evening of our sailing a dense fog set in and continued so thick that no observations could be taken up to the time of the disaster to my vessel.
 I steered by compass a general course of SSE: the winds were light and baffling, and we sailed slowly. I took constant soundings.
 On the 4th day of June, at about 10 o’clock A.M. soundings having been obtained in forty fathoms fifteen minutes before, the vessel struck upon the rocks. No land was visible: but on the following morning the fog lifted a little, and the land was seen close to us.
 The current had set the Chusan sixty miles to the Northward of her supposed position, and she struck upon the middle Island of “Sir James Hall’s Group,” on the Western coast of Corea, Latitude 37°54΄N, Longitude 124°56´E.
 We saw a number of Coreans on a hill near us and some of the Chinese on board went to them to learn their disposition toward us. Word was brought back that our lives would be spared, but that the Coreans would take the vessel and cargo: and they did seize and carry away some articles which had been conveyed ashore in the boats.
 They said that we must leave the island and that we might go away in our own boats, or that we might cross to the main-land and thence find our way to Japan, or overland to China. They offered us no assistance.
 I and my crew chose to undertake the voyage to China in our two boats, rather than trust to the Coreans. Some of the Chinese passengers went to shore to seek their way to China by land.
 I left the wreck of the Chusan in my boat, with the other boat in company, at about seven o’clock A.M. on June 5th. I was suffering much from a shattered hand, caused by the accidental discharge of a musket which I was loading.
 On the 7th day of June toward evening, when about twenty-five miles from Shantung Promontory, my boat was picked up by the U.S.S. Palos.
 I might have reached Chefoo but my hand had received no surgical treatment, and was in bad condition, so I went on board the Palos, together with the other people in the boat. It has since been necessary to amputate two of the fingers of my right hand.
 The other boat, being faster than the one I was in, had gone on in the forenoon of the 7th and I hope arrived safely in Chefoo.
 I was taken by the Palos over to the U.S.S. Colorado at Isle Boisee Anchorage, Corea, where I still am.
 Signed by me on board the U.S. Flag Ship Colorado, at Isle Boisee Anchorage, Corea, on the 30th day of June 1871.

J. Schlotke
Witness:
H.G B. Fisher
WF Lane

 
이름
Julius Schlotke , Rockwell , Julius Schlotke
지명
China , Japan , Shantung , China , Corea , Chefoo , Japan , China , China , China , Chefoo , Chefoo , Isle Boisee , Corea
관서
the Corean Government

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