Overview
Recovering the Precious Heritage of Koguryo Culture- Anak Tomb No. 3
Anak Tomb No. 3 is a mural painting tomb located at Anak-gun, Hwanghaenam-do, North Korea that was built in 357 B.C. under the reign of King Gogukwon. It has been excavated and investigated in 1949.
The mural painting in Anak Tomb No. 3 is recognized as one of the great mural paintings: it clearly portrays the contemporary daily life of the Koguryo people with its varied composition and delicate expressions. It features a range of things including the portraits of the couple who were the owners of the tomb, a painting of a large-scale procession, an indoor life painting depicting a scene of the kitchen, traditional wrestling, singing, and dancing, gatekeepers, various decorations and patterns, etc. The tomb is also famous for the long-held dispute over its original owner, King Gogukwon or Dongsu.
Structure
The oldest Mojurim-cheonjang (lantern ceiling) structure the world has ever known
Anak Tomb No. 3 is a Seoksil Bongtobun (mounded stone chamber tomb with mural painting) built with large basalt and limestone slats. At the time of investigation, it was an elliptical tomb with a length of 33 meters running north to south, a width of 30 meters running east to west, and a height of 6 meters from the ground to the top of the tomb. It is currently being restored in a larger scale.
The inside of the tomb is composed of a tomb entrance passage, a front chamber, right and left side chambers and a main chamber, and a reversed L-shaped corridor. The tomb entrance passage, the front chamber, and the corridor are not connected separate spaces, but are sectioned off by pillars and an inserted wall so that the overall the floor plan appears to have two separate compartments.