• Dokdo in the East Sea
  • Educational material
  • Junior High School Version

Enrichment: Comparisons between Korean and Japanese historical documents[Teacher Notes]


Korean Historical DocumentsJapanese Historical Documents
1145 – First appearance of Ulleungdo and Dokdo in History of the Three Kingdoms.
“General Isabu annexed Usan in 512.”

1454 - The Annals of King Sejong Geographical Records “Usan and Mureung islands are visible on a clear day.”
1530 - New and Expanded Complete Conspectus of the Territory of the Eastern Country Includes an entry for “Usan and Mureung.”

1667 – First appearance of Ulleungdo and Dokdo in Records on Observations on Oki.
Records show that Ulleungdo and Dokdo are beyond Japan’s border.
1693 - (1693, Joseon period)
An Yong-bok’s capture.
1693 – 1696 Ulleungdo Border Dispute Documents: Takeshima ChronicleJapanese shogunate recognizes Ulleungdo and Dokdo as Korean territory during the dispute resolution process.
1792 - Expanded Compilation of Reference Documents “Ulleung and Usan are both part of Usan, and Usan is called ‘Songdo’ by Japanese.”

1877 - The Daijōkan Order
Shimane Prefecture was informed through the Ministry of Home Affairs, “Ulleungdo and Dokdo have no relation with Japan, and you must keep that in mind.”
Summary
1. The earliest Japanese document with references to Ulleungdo and Dokdo is the Records on Observations on Oki, which was compiled approximately 500 years after the first Korean document.
2. The “Ulleungdo Border Dispute Documents” contains records which state that the Japanese shogunate recognized Ulleungdo and Dokdo as Korean territory during the dispute resolution process. This document was issued in 1690.
3. In 1877, the Daijōkan Order to Shimane Prefecture through the Ministry of Home Affairs declared, “Ulleungdo and Dokdo have no relation with Japan, and you must keep that in mind.”
4. The “Chōsen-koku kōsai shimatsu naitansho” (Confidential Inquiry into the Particulars of Korea’s Relations with Japan) (1870) includes written records which indicate that Takeshima and Matsushima were in fact Korean territory. It also has references to Japan’s interest in the islands.
 

 
Teacher Notes
Compare each country’s historical records about Ulleungdo and Dokdo in a timeline. The Korean sovereignty over Ulleungdo and Dokdo precedes Japan’s claims. Emphasize that to prove Korea’s claims knowledge of the Japanese argument is necessary.
닫기
List Korean English Chinese Japanese Top
Go to page top