• Dokdo in the East Sea
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  • Junior High School Version

Critical Thinking[Teacher Notes]

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Norway’s Roald Amundsen and Great Britain’s Robert F. Scott were in a race to become the first man to reach the South Pole. Who was the first to arrive at the South Pole? Amundsen reached the South Pole in December 1911. When Scott reached the South Pole one month later, in January 1912, he found Amundsen’s tent and a letter contained within. The letter read, “Dear Robert F. Scott, You’re probably the first person to arrive after I’ve left. I’ve left you supplies to use on your return journey. Good luck … Amundsen.”
Amundsen announced his achievement on his return. People were hesitant to believe Amundsen. However, when Scott did not come back from his expedition, a rescue party recovered Amundsen’s letters from Scott and verified his achievements. Amundsen’s letter to Scott and a picture of Amundsen and his tent at the South Pole were enough to prove his claims. Such verifiable evidence allows people to believe.
※ Japan claims that Korea’s sovereignty of Dokdo is invalid. Who first exercised control over Ulleungdo and Dokdo? The answer can be found in historical records.
Which historical document contains Korea’s first record of Ulleungdo and Dokdo? And which historical document contains Japan’s first record of Ulleungdo and Dokdo? Which of the two documents came first?

 
Teacher Notes
“Critical Thinking” presents information about Roald Amundsen and Robert F. Scott’s Antarctic expeditions and the significance of their records. Both Korean and Japanese historical documents will be reviewed to verify the accuracy of each country’s claims.
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