- Critical Thinking
Korea is home to more than 4,000 islands. Who are the keepers of these islands? Some islands are protected by the military while others are protected by police forces. What is the difference between the two?
(A) Marines on Baengnyeongdo
(B) Dokdo Guards
1. What is the significance of military and police defenses?
Write your own thoughts.
In the case of (A):
In the case of (B):
Today, a small platoon of Dokdo Guards defends Dokdo. Dokdo’s coasts are under 24-hour surveillance using high-tech equipment in preparation for a possible invasion by outside forces. The island is equipped with communication facilities and is in contact with the Coast Guard, Marines, and the Air Force.
The following is an excerpt from the song “Dokdo Is Our Land.” Fill in the blanks with the correct phrases.
In 512 ( ), the island in Usan, the third line of page 50 in The Annals of King Sejong Geographical Records Hawaii is American land, Daemado, I don’t know, Dokdo is Our Land
It is wrong to claim that “It is an island with no owner after the Russo-Japanese War Silla General ( ) is laughing in his grave, Dokdo is Our Land
General Isabu is responsible for annexing Usan for Silla. General Isabu is mentioned in the “Biographies” section of History of the Three Kingdoms
Isabu was a fourth generation descendant of King Naemul of Silla. When Isabu was a coastal official during the reign of King Jijeung, a man named Geodo devised a plan to use Mahui to conquer Gaya.
In 512, Isabu became the monarch of Hassla (today’s Gangwon-do, Gangneung City) and planned to unify Usan. He considered the people of Usan foolish and stubborn, and since they would not willfully surrender, he tricked them into surrendering by using wooden lions aboard his ships. The people of Usan surrendered in fear.
History of the Three Kingdoms, Silla, vol. 4, King Jijeung, thirteenth year, sixth month.
“Dokdo Isabu St.” was added to Dongdo and “Dokdo An Yong-bok St.” was added to Seodo.
Since Dokdo was under the rule of Usan, Kim Isabu can be considered the first figure to have created the bond between the island and the mainland. For these reasons, his name was Joseon to represent the new street and address on Dokdo following the recommendation of many people.
An Yong-bok, Lee Gyu-won, and Sim Heung-taek are principal figures who protected Dokdo during the Joseon period. An Yong-bok, a fisherman in the Joseon period, twice went to Japan to argue Dokdo’s Korean sovereignty to the Japanese government. Lee Gyu-won was an inspector for Ulleungdo during the reign of King Gojong, and he filed reports to the government which led to the island’s management policies. Sim Heung-taek was the second governor of Ulleungdo, and he reported the Japanese colonization to the government. He was also the first person to officially use the name “Dokdo.”
An Yong-bok’s Activities
Wait, why are Japanese fishermen fishing in our grounds?
They were fishing around Dokdo not long ago.
This is Joseon land. Leave at once!
What the heck! Let’s capture him and take him to the Oki Islands!
Ulleungdo and Dokdo have long been Joseon land, and it is home to our livelihood.
Ouch, my head hurts. I should take this to the Imperial Regent of the Edo shogunate.
Ulleungdo and Dokdo are Joseon territory and Japanese fishermen are to be prohibited from fishing near the islands. -Imperial Regent-
Our Imperial Regent gave his command in writing.
Why do you speak Japanese so well?
I learned it while in the Navy, often visiting our government’s Embassy to Japan when these official s were in Busan en route to Edo.
Give me back my note!
We can’t just give up Ulleungdo and Dokdo!
We request that you ban fishermen from fishing near the Japanese territory of Jukdo
The Joseon government was not sure what to make of the An Yong-bok Incident.
The Imjin War just ended. … Let’s consider our diplomatic relations. …
Nonsense! We shall not lose our land to the Japanese.
Shogunate in Japan
Japanese fishermen banned from Ulleungdo and Dokdo, the twenty-eighth day of the first month of 1696
Ulleungdo and Dokdo are full of resources...
Japanese fishermen continued to trespass on Ulleungdo and Dokdo.
I am the administrator of Ulleungdo and Dokdo. Leave Dokdo at once!
As the administrator of these islands, I strongly protest your actions.
Fine. I will submit a written statement to the shogunate stating that the two islands are Joseon territory.
If you continue to trespass, be prepared to face the consequences.
As Ulleungdo and Dokdo are Joseon territory, we will never again trespass on the islands.
We agree to the terms and will report this to the shogunate.
Ulleungdo and Dokdo are Korean territory.
An Yong-bok blatantly crossed international borders without permission and should be put to death for his crimes.
His efforts toward protecting our territory cannot be ignored. Let us banish him to another land instead.
※ Note = Diplomatic document
※ Hoki Province = Tottori Prefecture