• Dokdo in the East Sea
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  • Junior High School Version

Discovery Learning 2


Dokdo in a map from the late Joseon period[Teacher Notes]

Figure 1
This map from the nineteenth century was a direct transfer of Jeong Sang-gi’s eighteenth-century “Map of the Eastern Region” for the Western world. Dokdo is shown east of Ulleungdo.
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Material 2
“Complete Map of Korea” is an eighteenth-century image in Map of the Territory. Vibrant colors stand out on this map. Dokdo is shown east of Ulleungdo, and it even mountain peaks are shown.
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Discovery Learning 2
1. Explain how the shape and location of Ulleungdo and Dokdo changed from “Map of the Eight Provinces” in New and Expanded Complete Conspectus of the Territory of the Eastern Country to the maps in figures 1 and 2.[Answer]
 
Material 3
The “Complete Nautical Map” was made in 1850. This map shows Dokdo to the east of Ulleungdo and sailing routes to Ulleungdo are shown.
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Figure 4
A French cartographer made this copy of Kim Dae-geon’s “Complete Map of Joseon.” He introduced this Korean map to the Western world with the geographical names written as they sound in Korean. It was translated into six languages and introduced Dokdo to the world.
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2. Find the sailing route that connected Ulleungdo to the mainland.[Answer]
3. What is the significance of “Oulengto” and “Ousan” in Figure 4?[Answer]
 

 
Teacher Notes
Jeong Sang-gi (1678–1752) was a cartographer in the late Joseon period and made significant contributions to the development of large scale maps. He used a measurement device called “baekrichuk” to develop the “Map of the Eastern Region,” and the tool is highly regarded for having advanced the field of cartography in the Joseon period. His map correctly marked Usando southeast of Ulleungdo. The “Map of Korea” from Map of the Territory was compiled in the late eighteenth century, and it too shows Usando east of Ulleungdo. The “Complete Nautical Map” was compiled in 1850 using woodblock printing, and was based on Jeong Sang-gi’s map. This map showed sailing routes to Ulleungdo, as well. The development and publishing of woodblock-printed maps indicated a high demand for maps at the time.
The “Complete Map of Joseon” was compiled by Kim Dae-geon (1822-1846) through modern cartography techniques. A French cartographer compiled a Romanized copy of this map, and Dokdo is correctly marked east of Ulleungdo on this map, as well. The place names have been properly romanized as “Oulengto” (Ulleungdo) and “Ousan” (Usan/Dokdo). A reduced version of this map was included in “Geographical Society,” of Lyon, France, in 1849. This was the first map based on Korean pronunciations introduced to the Western world. The map was translated into six languages.
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Answer
1. Dokdo is west of Ulleungdo in “Map of the Eight Provinces,” and is correctly depicted east of Ulleungdo in “Complete Map of the Eastern Country.”
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Answer
2. A line connects the mainland and Ulleungdo in the “Complete Nautical Map.” This is a sailing route.
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Answer
3. “Oulengto” and “Ousan,” in “Complete Map of Joseon,” were taken directly from the Korean pronunciations of “Ulleungdo” and “Usan” (Dokdo).
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