• Koguryo and Balhae
  • Tokhung-ri Tomb
Portrait of the Deceased
TitlePortrait of the Deceased
Portrait of the Deceased on the northern wall of the antechamber
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This is a portrait of Youzhou Provincial Governor Jin painted to the left of the threshold on the northern wall of the antechamber in Tokhung-ri Tomb. The Portrait of the Deceased is the centerpiece of all antechamber murals. Although it may be viewed as a stand-alone portrait, this mural can be considered a depiction of Provincial Governor Jin's government affairs when combined with the tributary imagery on the western wall.
Jin can be seen sitting cross-legged and facing directly forward on a wooden platform under a rectangular beam. He is wearing a Cheong-ragwan (literally ‘blue silk hat’) over a black Naegwan (literally 'inner hat') and holding a Jumi (fan made with horsehair or cloth, symbolizing high status in ancient China). A Ragwan was a type of hat worn only by the highest-ranking officials. A Royal Attendant wore a Cheong-Ragwan, and a King wore a Baek-ragwan, or ‘white silk hat.’ Jin's attire is a brown robe with wide sleeves and a round collar. A light green undergarment can be seen beneath his robe. The black belt-like object with pendants around Jin's waist is referred to as a Bing-gweh (literally 'leaning table') and was used as an armrest or for leaning when sitting. A low, U-shaped folding screen is installed above the wooden platform. The rectangular beam above Jin is decorated with a semicircular pattern of jewels surrounded by flames.
Two valets wearing Jeogoris (traditional Korean upper garment) and trousers flank Jin. The figure on the right can be seen holding a brush and recording information in a register. The remaining three figures are standing in a Gongsu stance (left hand placed above the right inside of one's sleeves in a gesture of respect or submission). Three men and two women can be seen standing behind the folding screen on the right and left, respectively. Among them, a valet and a maid are fanning Jin with large fans, and the rest are playing instruments. Notably, the disparity in scale between Jin and his attendants is quite extreme, visually indicating each figure's social standing and importance.
The composition of the mural and the posture of each figure in the scene is very similar to the Portrait of the Deceased depicted in Anak Tomb No. 3.